Pantheon It is a word that has its origin in the Latin word Panthon, as the temple was called that, in the Ancient Rome , was dedicated to all gods . Hence, today, the concept is used to name a funerary monument where several are buried people , although it can also be used as a synonym for cemetery In some nations.
It is worth mentioning that, following its original meaning, pantheon is usually associated with the so-called Pantheon of Agrippa , a circular-looking temple located in Rome and that is known simply as The pantheon . This construction was inaugurated in the year 27 BC and renewed between 123 and 125 .
The Rotunda is how this mentioned pantheon is also known, which is visited annually by a multitude of tourists who do not miss the opportunity to admire it on the spot. Specifically among its most significant elements or aspects are the dome, hemispherical that has an oculus of 9 meters in diameter, or the pronaos, which is characterized by its eight columns.
He A Paris pantheon , for its part, is a monument located in the Latin Quarter . Its construction began in 1764 and currently houses the remains of personalities such as Voltaire , Jean-Jacques Rousseau , Victor Hugo , Jean Jaures and Émile Zola .
This cited Parisian monument is characterized, among other things, by the fact that it was one of the first neoclassical buildings in the country. And all this without forgetting that in addition to the aforementioned characters, other important figures in world history, such as chemistry Marie Curie, Louis Braille, who invented the reading system for the blind that bears his name, or the politician Jean Jaures, also rest in it.
Madrid , meanwhile, has the Pantheon of Illustrious Men , a building Neo-Byzantine style that is located in the district of Retirement , and the Pantheon of the Kings , which is preserved in the El Escorial Monastery .
In the aforementioned first pantheon of Madrid, it is necessary to underline that the remains of great characters of Spanish history are found, such as, for example, politicians José Canalejas, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta or Antonio Cánovas del Castillo. The funerary monuments that are established in their tombs are extolled by the artistic beauty they possess, as well as the value of the well-known Monument to Freedom, which is the Joint Mausoleum of the sculptors Sabino Medina, Ponciano Ponzano and Federico Aparici.
He National Pantheon of Venezuela in Caracas (build in 1874 ) and the baptized as National Pantheon of the Heroes (located in the Paraguayan city of Assumption ) are other monuments of this type.
In the heart of the Uruguayan capital, this mentioned pantheon is located, which is considered an authentic artistic jewel because of the richness and value it has both from an architectural and cultural point of view.
As a synonym for cemetery, the term pantheon is used in Mexico and in other American countries. For example: “The silence of the pantheon makes me nervous”, “They say that strange things happen in the pantheon at night”.
Pantheon, finally, may be the set of all the gods of a mythology or of a religion and the set of the highest figures of a discipline : “Emanuel Ginobili has already entered the pantheon of sports idols in Argentina”.