In order to determine the etymological origin of somatic, we have to go to the Greek. And in that language are the two components that shape this term: the noun “soma”, which can be translated as “body”, and the suffix “-tico”, which is equivalent to “relative to”.
Somatic it is used to name, in an animated being, to what is corporeal or material .
In the biology and the medicine , a somatic symptom It is one whose nature is eminently of this type (corporeal), unlike psychic symptoms.
For example: "We thought the dizziness was from stress, but it turned out to be a somatic issue.", "The doctor recommended Bruno to see a psychologist, since he found no somatic evidence of what he indicates", "Somatic and psychic problems must be treated with the same seriousness".
The psychosomatic disorders they are those psychic processes that have influence and effects on the somatic. This means that certain somatic symptoms (with body evidence) may have their origin in emotional processes. This reality is very difficult for doctors to specify because they have variables that are inaccessible to the scientific method.
The rise of the Pressure in a situation of nervousness, the blush (getting red) when you feel shame and the colon irritable by the stress They are some examples of somatic consequences from something emotional.
In addition to all of the above, we should highlight the existence of what is known as somatic cells. These are those whose clear mission is to undertake what would be the growth of the organs and tissues that shape the body of a multicellular type living being.
In this type of cells it is important to also know a series of characteristics that define them:
• They are all the same, from a genetic point of view.
• Its origin is found in half of the father's genes and half of the mother's genes, which bind during the process called fertilization.
It is known as somatic nervous system (SNS ), on the other hand, to the system composed of sensory neurons that transfer information from sensory receptors (such as skin ) to him Central Nervous System (SNC ) through motor axons.
Spinal nerves, cranial nerves, optic nerve, olfactory nerve, common motor nerve hide, trigeminal nerve, trochlear nerve and vagus nerve are some of the components of the SNS . Likewise, the existence of the facial nerve, the auditory nerve or the pneumogastric nerve should also be highlighted.
Of all these components, it is worth highlighting two of them:
• The spinal nerves are those whose mission is to send sensory information about the limbs or the trunk to the central nervous system. To do this, they use the spinal cord as a transmission route.
• The cranial nerves, as their name suggests, what they do is send sensory data from the neck and head to the aforementioned central nervous system.