The origin of this term is closely related to a legend of Ancient Greece. It is embodied in an epic poem that is attributed to the poet Homer . It is estimated that it was written in the 8th century B.C. and recounts a war that took place in the Asian part where it is currently Turkey . The authorship of this story is awarded to one Homer, who does not know for sure if it has existed. According to legend it is considered that it was a lyric singer blind that was linked to the aristocracy, anyway there are no documents that can prove its existence truthfully. Its name comes from its protagonist, Odysseus.
It should be noted that the name of Odysseus became an eponym for a long and painful journey in which a series of events that affect its normal development occur; in addition it also serves to mention a series of unpleasant adventures that happen to a person, during a certain period of time.
Historians emphasize that The odyssey is next to The Iliad , one of the first texts of western literature. In 1922 , the Irish author James Joyce public "Ulises" , a novel based on The odyssey from Homer . "Ulises" had a film version in 1967 and another adaptation in 2003 (directed by Sean Walsh ).
In his first work, "The Iliad," Homer recounts the events surrounding the Trojan War. The odyssey narrates the hero's return home Odysseus (or Ulises , in Latin) after the Trojan War . Said trip to the Ithaca Island (where Odysseus it was the king) it takes twenty years. In that period, his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus They are visited by numerous suitors who seek to marry women, since they believe that Odysseus has died. Throughout those twenty years, on the other hand, Penelope and Telemachus They consume family assets.
Thanks to your cunning, Odysseus manages to overcome all the obstacles that the gods on his journey. To avoid being conquered by the song of the sirens, for example, Odysseus He decides to tie himself to the mast of his boat.
It is a long poem composed of 24 different songs, where each one has a structure separated from the rest and where three great parts can be found, which has led critics to think that in their origins they were three different works that were later unified in it.
Division of the work
At Start the poet invokes the muse and presents the hero, far from his home and in the hands of the nymph Calypso who you want to marry her; He is the only one who has remained in Troy when all the other warriors have returned. It also shows the image of Penelope and Telemachus who refuse to accept the death of Ulysses. This part concludes with the release of Ulysses.
In the second part, the adventures are narrated on the way back, the immense dangers Ulysses must face with the help of Athena until they reach the land of the feacios, where Princess Nausícaa he rescues him and takes him to his father's palace. Here the central character becomes Alcínoo who narrates his warlike experiences, after which he offers a boat so that he can reach Ithaca healthy.
The last part narrates his return to Ithaca where with his son they plan revenge against those who wished to marry Penelope and had assured him that he had died. In the palace there is a duel between the suitors, where Penelope's hand will win who can tighten Ulysses arc, none manages to do it, only Ulysses and, with the help of his son, kills his adversaries and then, Penelope recognizes him .