The first thing we are going to do is determine the etymological origin of the two words that shape this term that we are now going to analyze. Both come from Latin:
• Work, first of all, emanates from the word “opera”, which can be translated as “work”.
• Art, secondly, we can determine that it is the result of the evolution of the term "ars", which is synonymous with "work of great creativity".
The thing produced for him man receives the name of work . The term is used to name material creation (such as a craft or an industrial product) and intellectual production (a story, a song, etc.).
He art is the sensitive vision of human being about the real or imaginary world. Artists express their perceptions, emotions and sensations through various linguistic, plastic and sound resources.
A artwork , therefore, it is a product that transmits a idea or one sensitive expression . It is about the creation that reflects the intention of an artist. For example: “In this museum there are more than a thousand works of art that can be appreciated by the public”, “A Paraguayan painter raised almost a million pesos by auctioning three works of art”, “The new film by the Iranian filmmaker is a work of art capable of thrilling anyone”.
The notion of artistic work is usually identified with the plastic arts . In this sense, they are usually named paintings and sculptures as works of art. Musical, literary and cinematographic creations, however, are also works of art, since they involve productions made by a person with artistic intent.
Many are the works of art, of the different branches, which have become a fundamental pillar of history and are known throughout the world. However, among the most significant paintings are the following: "The Last Supper", made by Leonardo da Vinci; "The Sunflowers" by Van Gogh, "The Scream" by Edvard Munch, "La Gioconda" by Da Vinci, "The Guernica" by Pablo Picasso or "The Creation of Adam" by Michelangelo.
Also, as for sculptures, we could underline the value of "David" by Michelangelo, "The Thinker" by Rodin, "Discóbolo" by Mirón or "Apollo and Daphne" by Bernini.
The consideration of art as a high dimension and almost alien to the common of people means that only the productions of the great masters or recognized figures are considered as artistic work. The painting of an office worker who dedicates himself to art as a hobby or a story written by a storekeeper is hardly considered socially as works of art.
In addition to all this we would have to expose that there is also what is known as a total work of art. This term was created and generalized by the great German composer Richard Wagner (1813 - 1883), known for the creation of operas such as "Tristan and Isolde" or his tetralogy called "The Ring of the Nibelungo." That artist decided to use the aforementioned expression to refer to any work of art that managed to combine in itself both music and theater through visual arts.