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The action and effect of exploring it is known as exploration . This verb refers to examine, recognize, find out or diligently register a place or thing . For example: "The scientists indicated that the exploration of the cave will only be completed within six months", “We could not advance with the exploration of the enclosure due to the lack of light”, “The exploration was a success and all lost climbers were found ”.

It is called geographical exploration to the activity of traveling to discover or investigate an unknown space for scientific, economic or military reasons. This practice is developed, with different characteristics, from the Prehistory . The exploration has motivated the progress of the Humanity in many ways.

The rise of geographical exploration took place during the call Was of the Discoveries , between the XV and XVI centuries , when Spain , Portugal , France , England and other countries took advantage of their technological advances to face travels transoceanic.

At present, the exploration of new places can be carried out through the numerous services tourist, which usually include trips, guides and accommodation. One of the most visited points on the planet is The Galapagos Islands, and that has a negative impact on its ecosystem. It is worth mentioning that this wonderful landscape is the habitat of more than nine thousand species, and more than three quarters of the reptile variety that live there are unique worldwide.

Unfortunately, the excess of tourist activity threatens to destroy the archipelago, partly because of the stress of constant maritime traffic and visits, which worsens with the smuggling of its species and the presence of others, not native, that arrive with tourists, some of which become dangerous pests.

Another of the paradises Natural that can disappear in a short time is the Republic of Maldives, an archipelago consisting of one thousand two hundred islands located in the Indian Ocean. It is believed that in less than a century they will end up below sea level; At present, about 80% of them are just over 3 meters above the water. The situation is really serious, so much so that in 2008 it was announced that the country would buy continental land to deal with the eventual evacuation.

Venice is probably one of the favorite destinations of people from all over the world, including the Italians themselves, many of whom recognize the magic of their peculiar landscapes. However, due to the sinking of its brackish substrate, it is possible that in less than eight decades the city will remain completely submerged.

The space exploration , on the other hand, is the study of space exterior and of the stars. This task can be developed by human beings (astronauts ) or by machines such as artificial satellites and probes.

Medical examination it is the act through which a doctor explores the body of the patient to perform a diagnosis . It can be divided into physical exploration and complementary exploration .

For the computing , the search for information in a computer or in one net (including Internet ) can be defined as exploration: “He could not find the budget we sent to Salazar: I have completed the hard disk scan but I can't find anything”.

In this context, the exploration of a disk is usually done to look for faults, both physical and logical, in its surface. This task should not only be performed when a problem arises or performance declines, but it is a recommended practice to keep the device in optimal condition and to avoid damage, avoiding the potential loss of information. It is an automated action, since it would take too long for a human being to analyze all parts of a disk one by one.

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