The concept of evaluation it means to the action and the consequence of evaluating , a verb whose etymology goes back to French évaluer and that allows indicate, assess, establish, appreciate or calculate the importance of a particular thing or issue .
As expressed Maccario it is an act where you must make a judgment around a set of information and a decision must be made according to the results that a student presents.
For its part Teleña battery says that it consists of an operation that is performed within the educational activity and which aims to achieve continuous improvement of a group of students. Through it you get the exact information about the results achieved by that student during a given period, establishing comparisons between the planned objectives at the beginning of the period and those obtained by the student.
An evaluation can also be understood as a exam proposed in the school environment so that the teacher qualifies the knowledge , the aptitudes and the performance of his students. For example: "Tomorrow I have a literature evaluation" or “Today I was evaluated in Social Sciences”.
At a systematic level the educational evaluation aims to systematically know what are the achievements in the school period, these objectives respond to lasting changes in the behavior or knowledge of the subjects.
exist various approaches To carry out an evaluation, each one of them has an objective that he wishes to analyze and he responds to it for its completion.
It is important to note that, at the academic level, there is no single way to conduct an evaluation: everything depends on the purpose pursued and the theoretical foundation in which it is contextualized. The evaluation, in fact, can be extended to the institutions, the resume , teachers and the entire education system.
Two could be mentioned evaluation paradigms : the character positivist , which is based on a quantitative perspective, and the alternative , which disregards the objectivity of the evaluation.
However, there are different types of assessments that exceed the academic or school environment. The environmental evaluation For example, it allows a planner to be assured that the development options he is considering are environmentally appropriate.
The evaluation of psychopedagogical profile , on the other hand, is a procedure that responds to a pre-established scheme and is developed with constancy. It offers the possibility of analyzing the level of development of the student and the changes that occur in it from education and its interaction with the social environment.
You can also mention the quality assessment , a process that performs a company or organization to supervise quality control activities.
You can perform a context assessment : where the objectives and the means to achieve them are determined. The expected of what has been achieved is comparatively studied.
A needs assessment used in the project involves an analysis of the resources, the means and the implementation of them.
The process evaluation it is the one that focuses on the results obtained, based on the methods employees and the progression curve where difficulties, decisions and objectives are unified.
In order to analyze an evaluation either of learning, production or whatever, it is necessary perform various modes of analysis to know its the decisions made around the planning (programs, implementation and controls) are correct).