He Hinduism is a religion that arose from elements of brahmanism and of vedismo of antiquity. It is the most professed faith in the Indian territory.
Hinduists believe in reincarnation and in a multiplicity of gods (They are polytheists). Societies organized according to the precepts of Hinduism, on the other hand, are ordered according to a caste system .
In addition to having an extended presence in India , Hinduism is the majority religion in Nepal , Bali and Mauricio . There is also a significant amount of Hinduists in countries as Pakistan , Bangladesh , Cambodia , Thailand , Malaysia , Britain , Panama and U.S .
By not having a single sacred book, prophets or ecclesiastical authorities, Hinduism is sometimes defined as a set of religious and philosophical beliefs linked to certain rituals and customs , and not as a structured religion.
Beyond the differences between each current, it can be said that Hinduism is based on the belief that there is an impersonal and absolute divinity (the Brahman ) that sustains the visible universe. Every human being It is part of a cycle of reincarnations that just reaches the end when it is possible to return to the divine principle.
This cycle of reincarnations is determined by the dharma (the right actions) and the karma (the consequences of what has been done), which mark evolution or involution. The succession of birth-life-death-incarnation ends when the soul It is released from the body and joins the absolute god.
These two concepts are part of the group of beliefs most relevant to Hinduism. He dharma It's one of the Purushartha , the four goals of a man's life, which are mentioned in the sacred scriptures known as Dharma Shastras. To complete the list of objectives of Hinduism we must indicate the artha , he kama and the moksha . Let's see below a brief definition of each one:
* dharma : its etymology leads us to meanings such as "religious law", "correct pious behavior" or "religion", so it is not difficult to understand that it refers to those actions that we should take to travel the path of Justice . Many religions and doctrines use this concept, such as Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism, although there may be slight differences between them. It is worth mentioning that dharma cannot be translated using a single word in our language;
* artha : This term is defined as "motive, notion, meaning, cause" and refers especially to the concept of "material prosperity." This goal of Hinduism is considered noble as it agrees with the morality of the oldest texts. In short, it is about achieving fame and a high social status, in addition to gathering large sums of money ;
* kama : it is sexual fullness, gratification and pleasure through the senses and the enjoyment of love . It is the lowest step in the ascending path of Hindu souls, even inferior to the underworld. In this context is the Kamasutra, an ancient book in which sexual relations between human beings are treated;
* moksha : refers to the release of spirit . According to Hinduism, the soul is locked in a physical body and when it passes to a new one you must enjoy the results of good karma and suffer the consequences of the bad. In other words, karma is linked to the soul and not to the material body in which it is found when it commits each action.
It should be noted that the spiritual master of Hinduism is known as guru . It is a religious chief who gives advice, teaches meditation and guides ceremonies.