The Industrial hygiene it is the set of procedures aimed at controlling environmental factors that can affect the Health in the field of work Health is understood as complete physical, mental and social well-being .
Industrial hygiene, therefore, must identify, evaluate and, if necessary, eliminate the biological, physical and chemical agents found within a company or industry and that can cause diseases to the workers.
Specifically, we can establish that every practice of industrial hygiene is responsible for three different kinds of situations: the first studies undertaken within the workplace to assess what is exposure to risks, control and surveillance of follow-up, and the final evaluation for what are the various epidemiological studies.
This issue is particularly important in those productive sectors that involve the manipulation of contaminants. For example: a company dedicated to tinting trousers must take special precautions with the chemicals it uses in its daily processes. Workers, on the other hand, must have adequate protection in their clothing.
In this sense, we have to state that it is essential, therefore, the work of the industrial hygienist because it will be in charge of identifying the different risks to which a person is exposed in their field of work, anticipate the possible risks while advising on how to avoid them, evaluate the various work methods, participate in the analysis of occupational risk or train and educate individuals about the risks.
The companies have take samples and periodical measurements to verify the level of pollutants in the environment. It requires, therefore, the services of a laboratory capable of assessing the results obtained to ensure that the industrial environment is not harmful to health.
In its broadest sense, industrial hygiene also includes the study of sound levels or lighting of buildings , among other issues. Exposure of very loud sounds or lack of light to work can affect the ear and eyes of the worker. Health, therefore, also depends on these factors.
We have to underline that there is also the Spanish Association of Industrial Hygiene (AEHI) that has among its main objectives to significantly improve the different workplaces through the elimination or reduction of the risks to which the employees in regard to their exposure to certain chemical or biological agents, among others.
In this way, to achieve the aforementioned purpose and many others, this entity carries out a series of actions, such as the organization of events on the subject, to ensure that it becomes a center for information exchange and opinions on industrial hygiene.
It should be noted that the essence of industrial hygiene is preventive , since its main objective is to guarantee the well-being of the job by preventing illness