The Latin word funĕbris came to our tongue as funeral . It's about a adjective which is used to refer to that linked to dead .
A hearse is a vehicle whose main function is the transfer of lifeless bodies to cemetery . It is a car with an elongated chassis in whose back the coffin is deposited (the drawer that contains the corpse). The hearse also has the capacity to transfer the floral arrangements that are usually placed next to the dead as a tribute. With the driver, on the other hand, one or two companions can travel.
Typically, the hearse carries the coffin from the wake house (or the place where the farewell ceremony takes place) to the necropolis where the incineration or burial will take place. Sometimes, the hearse is followed by other vehicles that escort it, forming a procession.
A funeral procession In fact, it is a procession that is carried out as an accompaniment for the deceased. While the coffin goes in the hearse, his relatives and loved ones follow him in others vehicles . Funeral processions are especially large when the dead person is a public figure.
To the floral arrangement used in this type of ceremonies it is called funeral wreath . These circular offerings usually present a poster or inscription with the name of the honoree.
A funeral march , meanwhile, it is a musical composition that is created to accompany the Advance of the funeral procession. Funeral marches can also sound at the funeral or at the funeral.
It is known by the name of funeral monument or funeral, on the other hand, to the one who stands in memory of a deceased person, as part of his commemoration . Depending on its size and whether or not it has a space inside it, it is possible to consider it funeral architecture . In this context it is necessary to mention the term mausoleum , which in itself serves to denote a very ostentatious funeral monument but also refers to the one that was built in memory of the king of Caria, Mausolo. This mausoleum is one of the so-called Seven Wonders of the World .
A funeral monument may contain the body of the deceased, and in that case it is also a grave or grave; its location usually coincides with the site where it has been buried, but this is not a condition since it is often built in a remote place to which the corpse or a part of it, depending on the form of death and its age.
When a funeral monument has more than one tomb inside, it speaks of Pantheon although this concept should not be confused with that of collective grave , which denotes another kind of burial or belongs to different historical and cultural contexts. If the body is not in the monument but it looks like a grave then it is called cenotaph . If it is only a construction to remember the person but does not refer to his grave, his most appropriate name is memorial monument .
In addition to this meaning that relates the term funeral With the deceased, we can also use it to refer to a grim fact or cause a deep sadness. In this case, it is an adjective that is not usually part of the informal conversations typical of everyday speech but is mainly reserved for texts of a literary or journalistic nature. For example, if we say "the funeral warning" we can express both the announcement of a death as anyone who anticipates a terrible event.