A cliche , also named as cliche , is a structured expression that is repeated on different occasions . It's about what's known as common place : a sentence or trivial idea, frequently used in similar cases.
The clichés are obvious or stereotypes that, due to their repetition, lose their capacity for impact or surprise. It may be an oral expression, but also another type of speech : a film scene, a photograph, etc.
A example cliché is the memory loss by the protagonist of a soap opera . On numerous occasions throughout history, the authors opted for this resource to generate a conflict in the plot. The soap opera heroine can suffer a blow to the head that causes amnesia and thus stops recognizing her beloved, to cite a possibility. The gallant, in this situation, strives for his wife to recover, hoping that he can recover his love. The cliché usually includes a miraculous recovery or motivated by some emotional situation.
As can be assumed from the aforementioned example, considering that something is a cliché depends on the time and context. At first, the resource of making the protagonist lose the memory It could be shocking. In turn, if that same resource is now used in a horror movie, it may not be as obvious or predictable.
This characteristic of the cliché, which makes it so little tangible and so dependent on context social and historical often leads to incorrect interpretations. Just as the time and the observer affect the meaning of a cliché, or even the mere consideration of a situation as such, by taking it out of its geographical location it may happen that the cultural resources to analyze it are insufficient.
In this sense we can say that clichés are similar to jokes: the same story It may seem offensive at one time and funny in another, and in the same way it can be interpreted only in certain parts of the world, where the necessary symbols and concepts exist.
The history Someone who cheats on their partner and is discovered in a compromising situation can be a cliché in many western countries, and even cause interlocutors grace, while in other parts of the world it can be unacceptable behavior and punishable by death.
Keep in mind that clichés can be useful for establishing a Connection or generate complicity with the interlocutor or the viewer / listener as they provide a framework of predictability and comfort that may be irresistible.
Precisely, since the interlocutor has the tools to predict a cliché, sometimes this resource is sought to bring it closer to the plot, get it to relax and lower the guard and then "attack" it with some event unpredictable Returning to the case of horror stories, this dynamic is also common today and has the purpose that the individual thinks that the protagonists are safe, that the danger has passed, and then surprise him with a new unexpected threat.
In everyday life you can also talk about cliché to qualify some situation that we consider absurdly predictable . For example, if two people are chatting about a problem that a third party has and their situation is considered typical, one of the two may say that it is a cliché. As in the art world, in this case the use of this term indicates a certain disregard for the condition of the protagonist.