In order to be clear about the meaning of the term centimeter it is necessary, first, to know its etymological origin. Specifically, we can establish that it is a word formed by two with different roots:
-The Latin noun "centum", which can be translated as "hundred".
-The Greek word "metron", which is synonymous with "measure".
A centimeter It is a unit of length Which is equivalent to 0.01 meters (that is, one hundredth of a meter). His symbol is cm . For example: "The doctor told me that my baby is already 70 centimeters", "The accident left me with a scar of 30 centimeters on my left leg", “Could you move your chair a few centimeters? This way I can pass ”.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that there are other important equivalences of the centimeter such as the following:
-0,000 1 hectometer.
-0.0000 1 kilometer.
As a unit of length, the centimeter allows to express the distance that exists between two points. It is a derived unit of the basic unit of length, which is the meter. Specifically, the centimeter is a submultiple of the subway .
Taking up the first of the examples mentioned above, if someone claims that their baby measures 70 centimeters , will be making reference that, from the sole of the foot to the end of his head, the child has such measure (equivalent to 0.70 meters ). That is the distance between both ends of the body of the infant.
Some curiosities in relation to centimeters are the following:
-Hair hair grows between 1.1 and 1.3 centimeters per month. This means that it will grow around 14.4 centimeters a year.
-The nails of the hands grow, approximately, an average of 0.4 centimeters per month. Meanwhile, the toenails do so at an average of 0.15 centimeters per month.
-Any food that is eaten by the human being travels 900 centimeters from the moment it is in the mouth until it ends up being expelled.
-The smallest man in the world throughout history, according to the data available, has been Chandra Bahadur Dangi measuring 55.8 centimeters. And so it is credited in the Guinness Record Book. He is a 72 year old Nepali.
-On the other hand, the tallest man in the world is Sultan Kosen, which measures 2.5 meters, that is, 250 centimeters.
The idea of square centimeters, meanwhile, refers to the measure of a surface (the extension of something in width and length). A square of cloth 5 square centimeters , to name a case, it is 5 centimeters wide and 5 centimeters long.
The cubic centimeters , on the other hand, are a unit of volume : measure three dimensions (width, length and height). A bottle can have a capacity of 350 cubic centimeters .
In some countries Finally, the centimeter is told measuring tape , which is a flexible element that has a scale divided into centimeters. This tape is used for measuring lengths.