According to its etymological root, the anagnórisis is associated with a act of recognition . It is a resource of the rhetoric that leads a character to discover and recognize your identity or the identity of a third party , an event that modifies your subsequent behavior. Anagnórisis is also linked to what happens when two characters they meet again after a long time .
It can be said that anagnórisis is the transition from ignorance to truth : a fact that was hidden in the eyes of the character, suddenly, comes to light. The revelation alters the way of thinking of the individual in question and its acts, thus changing the future of history .
Anagnórisis was first described by Aristotle . The Greek philosopher argued that, in classical tragedy, the moment of peripeteia It was the key instance for anagnórisis. In this context, we understand by peripeteia a circumstance or fact that is characterized by bringing to the reader certain facts related to a particular story or character, and this is found in many works of various genres.
Taking up Aristotle's theory, he assured that in the advent, the hero acceded to the truth and experienced the consequences of such knowledge. The plot , from then on, he adjusted to this new vision of the protagonist.
It is possible to find anagnórisis in diverse classic stories of universal history. An example occurs in the Odyssey . On the return of Ulises to Ithaca , the different characters recognize him little by little. The last to assume the revelation is Penelope , wife Ulises , who makes him perform a test in order to ratify his identity .
Anagnórisis is a resource frequently found in the comedy greek , with which we can place ourselves at least four centuries before the birth of Christ. For example, it is common to find in the comedies of the Greek Menander, as well as those who imitated him to create works in Latin, many characters who have suffered abandonment by their mothers when they were little to leave them in the care of families of a social class more low.
This decision When creating the story, it makes it difficult to join these characters with people of the nobility, and it is not until the anagnórisis that the false walls that distance them from their loved ones can take down. So the characters can discover its true origin , it is possible to use endless resources, such as a birthmark or a precious object that the mother has left when leaving, such as an earring or bracelet.
We can also appreciate agnórisis in a large number of Spanish works, both in the baroque theater, such as the cavalry novel or the drama Romantic. William Shakespeare also took advantage of this resource in some of his dramas, especially in tragedies; In this particular case, access to the truth by the characters does not lead to the resolution of problems in a positive way, but the stories usually end badly.
Much closer in the weather , the main character of “Fight Club” (work translated as "The fight Club" or "Fight club" ) you experience angiogenesis when you discover that Tyler durden it's your other self (i.e. Durden does not exist but is himself).
In the video game from genres such as adventure and RPG, anagnórisis is also very common, and marks a turning point in which a seemingly common character discovers that the future of his land depends on him, for example.