It is known as dissociation to the act and consequence of dissociating (that is, to effect the separation of something that was linked to something else). There are different meanings of this term, taking into account the perspective with which it is analyzed.
In the field of chemistry It is used to refer to the division of the elements of a substance by means of an action of a chemical or physical nature.
The chemical dissociation procedure, experts reveal, allows a substance to be segmented into molecules smaller, usually reversible. Dissociation is a mechanism that opposes association, synthesis and recombination.
It is known as degree of dissociation to the quotient that results from dividing the amount of substance that has been dissociated and the amount of original substance. These quantities can be measured in moles or proportional quantities.
When a salt dissociation through the process of solvation in some kind of solvent , cations and anions can be divided. By generating evaporation of the solvent or causing it to crystallize, the salt can be recovered.
Refering to acid dissociation within a solution , it must be said that in this framework a proton H + is released. It is a balanced procedure where dissociation and recombination are carried out simultaneously.
The dissociation in the psychology It is a symptomatology where the affected person generates a block against painful contents in their conscience. By not accepting these elements, the person carries out the dissociation as a way of confronting the anxiety or the stress . It represents a defense mechanism that involves removing disruptive elements for the self from the rest of the psychic apparatus. That is why the subject ends up living with incongruous elements.
The fundamental problem for a person with this type of disorder is the inability to regulate your emotions; It is hard for him to tolerate and be above certain intense emotional experiences, mainly because no one has taught or helped him control and understand them. So when faced with certain situations that produce overwhelming emotions, he flees, because he relives certain traumatic memories He is not able to handle. All this triggers a change of state in the self that can occur in five different ways; they respond to the way in which said individual perceives their own existence, and they can be:
* Depersonalization: feeling of being separated or alien from one's body. Inability to recognize oneself in the mirror or simply to feel oneself;
* Derealization: feeling that what happens around is not real. Perception that the external world is false, distant or nebulous or as if it were not in it;
* Dissociative amnesia: inability to remember relevant personal data or important events in your own life. The most common are micro-amnesias, which are characterized by forgetting small events, such as discussions or conversations;
* Confusion and alteration of identity: sudden sensation that wakes up and prevents the patient from being aware of who he is. Getting to the point of being surprised to be in a certain place and asking questions like "Who are you, and what do I do here?". There is also confusion regarding time and place; It usually happens that you feel you are in another time and place, usually from the past.
It is good to keep in mind, however, that dissociation is sometimes shown in more subtle ways; that is to say that without feeling that it is another person or is alien to your body, manifest a sudden mood change or be confused about your emotions.
It is worth mentioning that this disease can develop due to several causes, but it becomes more present in people who have suffered sexual, physical or emotional abuse in the childhood; especially if they are children of individuals with the same disorder or who exhibit highly contradictory behavior.