He terrorism it is domination through terror , the control that is sought from violent acts whose purpose is to instill fear. Terrorism, therefore, seeks to coerce and pressure the governments wave society in general to impose their claims and proclamations.
Terrorism can be exercised by different types of social or political organizations, both right and left. These types of actions can even be carried out by poorly structured groups.
The political violence of terrorism occupies a different plane to the context of a war. For that reason, combating terrorism and judging terrorists are very difficult tasks for a government.
The definition of the concept is not accurate and may vary according to the interests of the speaker. It is common for a politician to accuse an opponent of terrorist for the simple fact of not communicating with his ideas. The terrorist, on the other hand, often denies his condition, arguing that the use of violence As a legitimate defense.
In Argentina , the military dictatorship that took power in 1976 accused anyone who "Spread ideas contrary to Western and Christian civilization". Such a rigid and ambiguous position at the same time put any opponent of the regime on the side of the terrorists, including numerous peaceful organizations.
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 , the US government extended its definition of terrorism to include numerous opponents. In the case of his invasion of Iraq for example the resistance It is accused of terrorism by some sectors and legitimized by others. In addition, attention has been increased to terrorist attacks, given that fear planted in the American population quickly expanded to the rest of the Planet.
Since then, the number of attacks of considerable impact that took place in different parts of the world has exceeded half a hundred, leaving out the count car bombs in Spain, Iraq, Mexico, Israel and Afghanistan. For the most part, such acts of terrorism have been attributed to jihadist groups (within the political Islam, the most aggressive and radical) or to Al Qaeda, and have aimed at various cities in several countries.
The Chechen terrorist confrontation must not be overlooked, a struggle that seeks to recover its territory from the invasion by the Russians. Although there are few political conflicts, religion always seems to occupy a leading place in these unfortunate events, and that feeds the foundations of terrorists to exert violence.
Terrorism cannot be understood; It occurs when the human being crosses the line of reason, of compassion for others, when he believes that his cause is more valuable than the life of others. Entire peoples are plagued by forms of violence that defies the imagination of the most wicked minds and do not even receive an explanation for such abuse of their rights and freedoms, so that their existence is irreparably torn to the loss of their loved ones, their homes, their hope.
Two of the following are described below. acts most horrible of recent years:
* On March 11, 2004, Al-Qaeda attacked 4 trains in Madrid with bomb backpacks, in an attempt to change government and get the Spanish troops to withdraw from the countries of interest. 191 people died and 1,858 were seriously injured;
* On July 7, 2005, a bus and several London subway lines suffered an attack with bomb backpacks by a local Al-Qaeda cell, which sought to charge for Britain's participation in the invasion of Iraqi territory in the 2003. The direct consequences: 56 dead and more than 90 injured.