Originating in the Latin word coctĭo, the concept of cooking refers to the consequence and the process of cooking something . This verb, meanwhile, describes the fact leave a raw food in conditions suitable for consumption through a procedure based on boiling or the action of steam . Similarly, cooking is expose a certain thing to the action of heat so that it acquires certain properties .
Cooking, as many of you will know, makes most products softer and tastier. The process also contributes to the good conservation of the food. However, most fruits and vegetables do not require cooking as they can be ingested while they are raw. Also, remember that there are times when meat and fish are eaten raw, although they are exceptions.
When talking about cooking food it is important to underline that depending on the product, the properties that it has, the time of this action will vary. Thus, for example, it is established that fresh legumes, among which are green beans or artichokes, should be between five and ten minutes.
In front of them, legumes of dry type such as lentils or chickpeas have characteristics that determine that the time established for cooking is around twenty minutes.
Pasta, meanwhile, requires about six minutes; fish require a cooking time between four and ten minutes; and the meat is normally around ten minutes.
It should also be noted that cooking causes a alteration in the biochemical and physical compounds of each food , either through softening, coagulation, swelling or dissolution. Heat also guarantees the total destruction of the agents that cause or transmit diseases and that are present in raw foods.
The salmonella and the Escherichia coli , for example, can be eliminated thanks to cooking. Certain natural amino acids and alkaloids that are toxic to humans can also be destroyed by cooking processes.
The most common cooking methods are three: the cooking in aqueous medium , the cooking in fatty medium and the cooking in air .
The most usual cooking in aqueous medium consists of submerging the food in boiling water or in a water bath. Cooking, on the other hand, can be carried out in steam or in a pressure cooker.
As for the fatty medium, the most common cooking is done in oils or fats found at temperatures that exceed one hundred degrees Celsius.
Finally, cooking in an air medium consists in establishing close and direct contact with the flame or any other source of heat, such as on a grill or oven .
In addition to all of the above, we have to underline that cooking is also one of the most important phases that take place within what is the artisanal manufacture of ceramics. Specifically, for the professionals of this artistic sector, it is the most important stage because it is the moment in which the pieces are given their decorative properties.
In this way it is established that the cooking phase of said artisanal procedure will be adequate and perfect when it has been possible to prevent the piece from lacking defects and, therefore, have the best possible quality to be useful and to launch into the market where It can be acquired by buyers who wish.