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He terror it's a feeling of fear very intense. Fear is defined as a distressing disturbance of mind by a real or imaginary risk; when it exceeds controls brain and the subject can not think rationally, terror appears.

Terror can generate cold sweating , the body paralysis and, in the most extreme cases, the cardiac arrest death . The key to mastering fear and terror is the self control . The psychologists They recommend trying to breathe slowly and try to blank your mind.

On the other hand, terror is a literary and cinematographic genre , which brings together those works that seek to cause fear in the recipient. Thus we find, for example, with horror stories written by authors like Edgar Allan Poe or Stephen King , or with horror movies as Friday the 13th. (Friday the 13th or Tuesday 13 , depending on the country).

As gender Within the forms of entertainment, terror usually presents a series of characteristics, according to the tendency of each author. First, the most common characters are usually ghosts, supernatural monsters and psychopaths; difficult to understand beings with minds unpredictable and that in general they have an insatiable thirst for death and revenge. Not knowing what will happen in the next few seconds, at which point the killer will jump on his next victim, is an element of suspense, which is closely related to terror.

On the other hand, there is an opposite resource, which can be equally effective: giving the viewer, the reader or the player (depending on the format of the story) an absolute and constant knowledge of the location and intentions of the enemy. Quoting the phrase "ignorance is the basis of happiness", it is easy to understand nervousness and anguish of an audience that knows at all times where is the murderer.

Taking up the character classes that usually represent the cause of terror In these stories, there is a clear distinction between a ghost and a tangible being; Regardless of the degree of realism, a spectrum can appear and disappear, cross walls, and is expected to generate a psychic decompensation in its victims, leading to suicide or a mental institution. On the other hand, a flesh and blood murderer, coming from this world or from a fantastic one, can use other weapons that do physical harm.

This marks one of the first subdivisions of this genre, so popular: psychological terror and gore. The first makes use of less special effects or graphic elements, in pursuit of others that arouse the thinking and analysis of the audience, or that generate discomfort and insecurity; affect your mind in a little direct way. The second, from an English term, is characterized by the presence of extreme violence, blood, attacks with daggers and axes, which leave their victims disfigured.

There are in turn hybrids of both tendencies, as well as products of one or another subgenre that make use of predictable and ineffective elements. As with all arts, the secret to the success of a work is not what it presents to its audience, but how it does it.

It is known as The horror to the period of the French Revolution between 1793 and 1794 , where the revolutionaries carried out a strong repression against the opponents. Maximilien Robespierre , one of the revolutionary leaders, said that the so-called Terror It was just quick, severe and inflexible justice. It should be noted that the own Robespierre He was executed without trial or trial.

This political conception of terror derived in the State terrorism , which takes place when those who occupy state power use repressive and unconstitutional methods to impose a dictatorship and have full control of the society.

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