He communism it is a political movement that promotes the formation of a society no social classes , where the means of production are common property. This implies that private ownership of such means would not exist, which would lead to power To the working class.
At its ultimate end, communism seeks the abolition of State : If there is no private ownership of the means of production, there is no exploitation. Therefore, the state organization would not be necessary.
The foundations of communism were developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels at the end of XIX century in books like "The Capital" . At twentieth century , the Russian revolutionary and Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin It was proposed to put these theories into practice, based on their own interpretation.
Communism has received criticism from different sectors. There are those who consider that classless society is impossible (always some group will hold power; in the case of communism, they would be bureaucrats). On the other hand, many believe that the capitalism and its profit motive is the only system that promotes economic development.
The regime of Nicolae Ceausescu
Throughout history they have existed various communist governments; undoubtedly one of those who has stood out negatively for its genocidal policies and programs unconstitutional it was the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu, who ruled Romania between 1945 and 1989 and was violently overthrown by the popular revolution; It is worth mentioning that Romania was the only country in Eastern Europe that managed to get rid of its leader through force.
A few decades later, Ceausescu's communism was cataloged as illegitimate and criminal; In spite of how obvious this statement may be, Romania was the first former member of the communism bloc that took this step and did so after intensive research conducted by historian Vladimir Tismineanu in which crimes and crimes were analyzed. dictatorship abuses.
During the mandate of Nicolae Ceausescu the most disadvantaged classes were the poor, who were condemned to hunger, cold, lack of health and education resources they suffered a devastating annihilation; In addition, extermination policies were implemented for all who opposed the regime, torturing and killing them indiscriminately
The acceptance of crimes by the current Romanian government is not, as many have believed, an anti-Romanian position, but the desire to clear the past , to condemn those who have behaved unconstitutionally in order to walk cleanly towards a more real democracy. It is worth mentioning that not long ago this country has been accepted for be part of the European Union .
Differences between communism and socialism
Although they are often used as synonyms, it should be borne in mind that communism and socialism they are not the same.
Meanwhile he communism proposes radical measures for the expropriation of individual property to be exploited by the State and its consequences are real; he socialism It is a doctrine, does not propose effective measures of change but an economic economy plan that is based on democratic possession and collective administrative control of production systems, together with the control of political structures by citizens.
Both ideologies they are based on a series of writings and studies developed throughout history by various thinkers; in this way, communism relies on the ideas proposed by Carl Marx and Friedrich Engels while socialism does so on those embodied by Henri de Saint-Simon and Carlos Fourier (although they also had Marxist ideas).
It is worth mentioning that although many claim that socialism is the pre-communism phase, some political currents flatly separate them by placing socialism at a limit closer to the democracy and at communism, close to authoritarian and unconstitutional regimes.