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A referendum is a legal mechanism that allows the population ratify or reject certain resolutions of a government . It is a tool of the direct democracy , in which people make a decision without the need for intermediation of the representatives.

Typically, however, the referendum is a mechanism that works within a regime from representative democracy . The issue under consideration will be resolved in favor of the option that reaps the majority of the votes.

It should be noted that not all referendums yield mandatory compliance results or that they become a resolution that is effectively implemented. Some referendums are consultants and then him Legislative power You must make the final decision. When the referendum is defining, it is qualified as binding .

An example referendum took place in 2004 in Venezuela . On that occasion, the government of Hugo Chavez He organized a vote to consult the population if he wanted the president to remain in office or if, on the contrary, his mandate should be revoked. Nearly ten million Venezuelans cast their vote and the 58% chose that Chavez stay in the power .

In 2011 , took place the first referendum that put to vote the independence of a nation . On that occasion, more than 98% of voters chose that South Sudan will become independent from Sudan and became an autonomous country. In this way, the July 9, 2011 the independence of South Sudan .

Revocative Referendum

The recall referendum is also known as revocation of command and it is a procedure of participation of political and civil type that applies only to governors and mayors, leaving out all others officials of popular election, as are the councilors, congressmen, deputies and the President himself. In short, it is a political right through which the people have the possibility of finalizing the mandate of one of the two figures just mentioned.

The fundamentals of the recall referendum are found in the principle of sovereignty popular, a term coined to express a concept opposed to that of national sovereignty, which restricted sovereignty to the nation. It is also correct to say that this referendum reflects the basis of the participatory democracy , any practice in which the people have a greater participation in the political decisions of their country than the representative democracy I would offer.

Mandatory Referendum

It is called a mandatory referendum to the process that begins by getting the parliamentary body to approve submitting an object to the vote popular, and it's a feature of the direct democracy in Switzerland. Direct democracy, also called pureIt is characterized by allowing citizens to directly exercise power in an assembly whose powers may result in the approval or repeal of laws and the election of public officials.

Optional Referendum

As well as the mandatory one, the optional referendum is used in Switzerland as a mechanism of direct democracy. When the publication in the Feuille fédérale (the Federal Gazette) of a law New or revised, the part of the town that does not agree with its enforcement has a maximum period of one hundred days to gather 50 thousand signatures of citizens of their country, which can then lead to submitting said law to a referendum. Only if the majority decision is favorable can the law come into force.

The need for a collection of firms In charge of the people is a basic difference between the optional and the mandatory referendum.

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