The word attorney It comes from the Latin advocātus. A lawyer is a doctor or graduate in right who takes care of the defending and the address of the parties involved in judicial or administrative proceedings . Can also provide legal advice and advice .
The professional practice of this profession requires, in most of the countries , that the lawyer has a state authorization or is enrolled in a Law School or similar institution.
It is important to underline that there is a document called “lawyer's decalogue” and that it is a set of “commandments” that are considered to be strictly fulfilled by all legal professionals. Among those maxims are, for example, to love their profession, be loyal to both the client and the adversary and also to the law itself, fight for justice, work hard, tolerate and be patient.
The lawyer is not only responsible for defending the interests of a third party during a trial. One of its most important functions is preventive, where it deals with advising its clients and writing the documents and contracts in such a way that legal conflicts do not arise.
The lawyer can also be a extrajudicial mediator , to prevent a problem or confrontation from becoming a judicial proceeding.
In general, those who must appear before a court must have a lawyer. The lawyer is a guarantee of self defense for those involved in the process. Therefore, the writings and judicial presentations are delivered with the signature of both the client and his lawyer.
Those citizens who do not have the financial resources to pay for the services of a lawyer receive free legal assistance: these are official lawyers or legal lawyers , which depend on State .
In the same way, and in a colloquial way, it is important that we underline the fact that the expression advocate of the devil is used. With it, what is attempted is to express that a legal worker in question is able to defend any cause even in which he does not believe.
Precisely in the cinematographic field there is a film entitled "The Devil's Advocate". In 1997 it was when this film was released, directed by Taylor Hackford and starring Robert de Niro and Keanu Reeves, in which he is counted as an ambitious and successful young lawyer is able to leave his wife aside, seriously ill, in order to get his client, whom he knows guilty of a serious crime, to be declared innocent.
There is also the term dryland lawyer who is used regularly to refer to that lawyer who not only does not exercise as such but also lacks the necessary skills and abilities to do so.
It should be noted that the lawyer is subject to professional secret (You cannot disclose the information provided by your client). His obligation is to litigate according to the social responsibility that his role confers.