The ethics it relates to him moral study and of human action. The concept comes from the Greek term ethikos, what does it mean "character" . A ethical judgment It is a moral statement that elaborates affirmations and defines what is good, bad, obligatory, allowed, etc. in relation to an action or a decision.
Therefore, when someone applies an ethical judgment on a person, they are making a moral judgment . Ethics, then, studies morality and determines how members of a society should act. Therefore, it is defined as the science of moral behavior .
Of course, ethics It is not coercive , since it does not impose legal penalties (its rules are not laws). Ethics helps the fair application of legal norms in a rule of law, but in itself it is not punitive from the legal point of view, but promotes self-regulation .
Ethics can be divided into several branches, among which the normative ethics (are the theories that studies the moral axiology and the deontology , for example) and the applied ethics (refers to a specific part of reality, such as bioethics and the ethics of the professions ).
Regarding the fundamental authors in the study of ethics, German cannot be ignored Immanuel Kant , who reflected on how to organize human freedoms and moral boundaries. Other authors who analyzed ethical principles were Aristotle , Baruch Spinoza , Jean-Paul Sartre , Michel Foucault , Friedrich Nietzsche and Albert camus .