In Latin is where the etymological origin of the word is found that we will analyze in depth below. More exactly that is in the verb premere which is synonymous with “squeeze” and from it the Catalan term emanated premsa, machine to compress, which is what gave rise to the current concept.
The press It is a device used for compact . The term comes from Catalan premsa and is linked to exerting pressure or employing a force . There are different types of press according to the use in question.
The presser , also known as mechanical press , is the machinery that, through a flywheel, monopolizes Energy and transmits it pneumatically or mechanically to a die or a die. These presses, therefore, allow the process known as die-cutting (the realization of holes in very different materials, such as cardboard, plastics or metals).
The hydraulic press On the other hand, it presents a mechanism with communicating vessels that are set in motion by pistons and that, through various low intensity forces, allow for more intense ones.
The rotary press or popularly rotary It is a printing device in which what you print curves on a cylindrical surface and, therefore, uses continuous rolls that allow you to print large quantities with great speed.
This last machine is linked to another use of the press concept. The term is also used to name the facilities in which it is printed at group of publications that are published periodically (like newspapers) and all the individuals who exercise social communication: "The player was indignant at the press questions", “The singer was very kind to the press workers who covered the conference”.
However, at this point it is necessary to talk about what is known as the press in the communicative field. Specifically, this word refers to the set of media, especially writings, as well as to the people who are responsible for working on them.
Daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly and yearly these cited publications can be based on the periodicity with which they arrive at the hands of their readers. However, they can also be classified based on the type of format they have: broiled, tabloid, berliner and trimmed.
The yellow press It is made up of sensational publications that look for impact and morbidity, with major headlines of catastrophes, detailed photographs of crimes and accidents, etc. Another type of press is the salmon press , dedicated to inform about economy and finance .
Also, this concept and its cited meaning give rise to a wide range of terms that use the word we are analyzing. In this way, for example, we find what is known as the press conference, which is that meeting in which a number of journalists listen to the statements of a personality who will later be asked about the issues they deem timely.
And all this without forgetting what is known as freedom of the press, which is that guarantee that journalists and the media have to publish their information without any power establishing censorship or control.