The information It consists of a data group already monitored and ordered , which serve to build a message based on a certain phenomenon or entity. The information allows to solve problems and make decisions, since its rational use is the basis of knowledge .
Therefore, another perspective indicates that information is a resource that gives meaning or meaning to reality, since through codes and data sets, it gives rise to the models of human thinking .
There are several species that communicate through the transmission of information for their survival ; the difference for human beings lies in the ability of man to assemble codes and symbols with complex meanings , which make up the common language for living together in society .
The data is perceived through the senses and, once they are integrated, they end up generating the information that is needed to produce the knowledge. It is considered that the wisdom It is the ability to properly judge when, how, where and for what purpose the acquired knowledge is used.
The specialists affirm that there is an indissoluble link between information, data, knowledge, thought and language .
Along the history , the way of storage and access to information has varied. In the Middle Ages , the main collection was in the libraries that were armed, operated and preserved in the monasteries. From the Modern age , thanks to the birth of the printing , books began to be manufactured in series and newspapers emerged.
Already in the twentieth century , the mass media appeared (TV , radio ) and the digital tools that led to the development of Internet .
Some authors define the information
Idalberto Chiavenato claimed that the information consists of a data set that have a meaning, so that they reduce uncertainty and increase the knowledge of those who come to contemplate them. These data are available for immediate use and serve to clarify uncertainties on certain topics.
Ferrell and Hirt , meanwhile, say that this data and knowledge are strictly linked to improving our decision making . If an individual is well informed about one aspect, surely his decision in this regard may be more accurate than one that is not.
Other authors who have defined the information are Czinkota and Kotabe , which say that it consists of a set of data that have been classified and sorted with a determined purpose .
Uniting all theories about the concept we conclude that they are data on a event or phenomenon particular that when ordered in a context serve to reduce uncertainty and increase knowledge about a specific topic.
There are many types of information, some of them are:
The weather information collects data on temperature, rainfall and data that refer to weather of an area. It serves to predict the weather in a place. Those who are in charge of ordering this information are called meteorologists.
Is called financial information to the set of data on a market economy that allow setting type parameters cheap . Analyze the economic strength of a country and predict the operations that should be carried out.
Information can also be obtained through study material on specific topics, such as documentaries, history books, sociology, mathematics, etc., which allow doubts to be resolved and offer clear definitions of the concepts to be studied.