The Latin word pustule gave rise to the term pustule , often used in the field of medicine . The word is used to name a swelling that occurs in the skin due to the accumulation of pus .
Pustules are part of what is known as primary efflorescence , which covers various alterations that occur in the epidermis . In this case, these are holes in the skin that are completed with pus.
The appearance of a pustule may be due to various reasons. The most common is the acne, a disease It is produced by the action of a bacterium that infects the tissue. Pustules caused by acne usually appear during adolescence due to hormonal imbalances. Although these pustules do not cause major problems of Health and they usually disappear spontaneously with the passage of time, they can generate social problems and traumas to the adolescent who is complexed to skin lesions.
It is known as malignant pustule , carbuncle or anthrax , on the other hand, to a contagious disease. Your responsible is a bacterium called Bacillus anthracis that in most cases produces pustules, but can also cause intestinal disorders and lung problems.
This disease is acute and severe and among its objectives are all homeotherms (living things that maintain their temperature body between two independent limits of ambient temperature), a group that includes human beings. Its consequences vary according to the mode of infection and the point at which the treatment begins; In general, their mortality rate is not high. When it attacks the lungs (pulmonary anthrax), on the other hand, it is usually lethal.
Treatment of the malignant pustule usually begins with high doses of antibiotics. When the infection is caused by inhalation, it is common to combine two types of antibiotics until certain advances are achieved and can continue, for example, with corticosteroids.
It is called folliculitis to the inflammation of one or several hair follicles, the parts of the skin in which the hair can grow, thanks to its concentration of stem cells. This disorder can occur at any point of the body and among its most frequent causes is the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, also associated with boils and abscesses.
The beginning of folliculitis usually occurs after the obstruction that occurs when shaving, the damage caused by friction with clothing, or hairstyles too tight and too close to the scalp.
Some of the symptom Folliculitis are as follows:
* pustules or pimples surrounding the affected hair follicle, which usually appear in the English or in the armpits and can cause scabs around them;
* itching of the skin;
With respect to treatment of this inflammation associated with the appearance of pustules on the skin, it is usually resorted to: topical antibiotics, such as neomycin or mupirocin (it should be mentioned that if its indication is inadequate, folliculitis can spread throughout most of the body); topical antiseptic, which works in most cases; low-spectrum penicillins, such as flucloxacin (in the United Kingdom) and dicloxacillin (in North America).
Outside the orbit of medicine and dermatology, there is talk of pustule in reference to certain bumps that appear in the seashells . These pustules are generated by the accumulation of calcite , a mineral whose chemical formula is CaCO3 . According to marine biologists, pustules appear on the end of the calcification process.