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Puritan It is an adjective derived from puritan, a term of the English language. It is used to qualify that individual who defends and disseminates his attachment to moral rules considered as virtuous and accepted by the majority of society. Such attachment may be real or exaggerated by the subject in question.

For example: “Some Puritan authorities did not accept that the singer presented herself with that costume”, "I hate people who become the puritanist but who, inside, surrender to any vice", "Please, don't repeat that in front of my parents: they are old and Puritan people".

Another use of the concept is used to name the member of a certain religious congregation that developed in the United Kingdom during the century XVI : he Puritanism . The Puritans, in this sense, were reformists who asked that the church Anglican break with Roman Catholicism.

The Puritans held that God was the highest authority on any issue of human being . Only divine grace had the ability to change at people , who were to live according to the precepts of God as thanks to his mercy.

Puritan values ​​included constant reading and analysis of the Bible and the consecration of every Sunday to God. The ultimate goal of the Puritan community was to maintain the purity of morality in all areas of life: in that way, they thought they fulfilled what God wanted from the human being and, therefore, would access the Paradise .

The Puritans of Scotland

Is a Opera by the Italian composer Vincenzo Bellini, with a libretto by Carlo Pepoli and based on the work "Round heads and gentlemen"by Jacques-François Ancelot and X. Boniface Saintine (it should be mentioned that the expression round heads refers to the Puritans). The premiere of this magnificent work took place in Paris in 1835, at the Théâtre Italien, and was the last of the great Bellini, who lost his life the short time of the premiere.

With respect to the libretto, which for many lacks solidity, the Puritans of Scotland narrates the history of love between Arturo and Elvira in the middle of the civil war that confronted the Puritan community with the royalists, who supported Oliver Cromwell and the house of the Stuart, respectively.

The music This opera is among the best achieved and most polished that Bellini has achieved in his life, and contains many remarkable moments, especially the roles of the main soprano and tenor, to whom he demanded a vocal skill like few other composers. One of these demands at the technical level, probably the greatest of the entire work, is a few minutes from the end: the tenor must perform an FA over the top in his last piece, something that very few singers can do; instead, most opt ​​for a more serious note (a flat B).

It is said that Bellini felt a lot of pressure while composing The Puritans (short name by which this work is known), since it was the first time he would present a work of his in front of the public from Paris, and that Rossini gave him his support given the success he had enjoyed in France for some time.

In fact, it took the composer nine months to complete his creation, much more than he used to do at the time, and the structure The opera went through more of a drastic change, such as the division into three acts a short time before the premiere, instead of the two initials. Among the obstacles Bellini had to face while working at The Puritans of Scotland was the inexperience of the librettist, although this did not prevent this opera from transcending and becoming a treasure of Italian music.

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