The word village comes from the Latin term populus and allows reference to three different concepts: population from a certain region, to the population entity of smaller than a city Yet the lower class of a society .
Examples where the term may appear: "The Basque people live glory days thanks to the success of the Athletic Club of Bilbao in the European competition", "I grew up in a town without traffic lights, although it didn't cost me to adapt to a big city like Rosario", "He is a singer very close to the town, who travels on public transport despite having enough money to buy a car".
According to the first definition, the town is the set of inhabitants of a region, nation or country . These people constitute a community because they share a similar culture .
As for its second acceptance, the town is a population entity that is mainly dedicated to agricultural tasks and that lives in rural areas. At present, it is considered that a town has an average population that represents 0.5% of the country's total. In turn, a town distinguishes itself from other smaller entities because it has own jurisdiction .
The third meaning mentioned refers to flat town , a social class also known as the plebs , the masses or the working people . This social significance of the people has been used since Roman times, when the Senatus Populusque Romanum (SPQR) defined the entire State (the patricians that formed the Senate and the commoners).
According to the historical moment the term town was used in different ways; However, something that has always been common is that a group of people who move with the same purpose of life or who share the boundaries of a territory is called that. In this way, today people are called set of people that make up the State , where there are no privileges of race, sexuality, religion or economic or social status. The people are made up of all the individuals who in the eyes of the law are on equal terms.
In Article 16 of the Argentine Constitution , for example, it is described that said Nation does not admit prerogatives of blood or birth, nor titles of nobility or personal privileges; and adds that all the inhabitants of this territory are equal before the law, admissible in jobs and that the basis of the tax and public charges is none other than the equality .
It is necessary to clarify that in modern democracies the term is used to mention those people who can vote and be elected; This means that, in the case of Argentina, for example, those under 18, foreigners without a citizenship card and other exempt persons, they would not be part of the town .
Continuing with the above, be part of the town in a State , is a fact of utmost responsibility, a right that requires in return an absolute awareness to perform this function well. And as not all people who are part of the individuals with the right to vote exercise with responsibility, is that another concept has been put into effect, to define this sector, the mass.
Between town and mass There is a big difference. It is said that the true people are made up of citizens who are really aware of your responsibility , of their duties and their rights. They consider that their freedom is limited where they begin the freedom and dignity of others and that inequality should not be arbitrary, but the consequence of human inequality, because our capacities and wills are all different.
For its part, the dough It is formed by those individuals who they have no ideals or feel responsibility Some about your surroundings. A man-mass is called the one who does not distinguish himself from the rest who is not interested in carving out a future but taking what is already packaged. He has no intellectual or spiritual aspirations and all he expects from life is to guide him, to give him the "finished product." This sector of society is completely enemy of democracy and all kinds of government where the people represent themselves, mainly because the masses deny freedom and destroy equality , he hopes that all become mirrors of others, that they feel love and hate as "must be done" and above all that they never express feelings or ideas contrary to "normal" ones. The norm is what governs the masses and the main enemy of the people, where we are all different and can contribute to enhance our societies, because only in diversity there is the possibility of success and spiritual or intellectual growth.
It should be noted that the termpopular (from Latin popularis) is an adjective that allows you to name what belongs to or relative to the people. It is used to refer to what is easily accessible to all social classes or to what is known by most of society.
The word is used pejoratively populace to describe an excited crowd around an unsubstantiated idea, driven by the rules that fame follows: getting followers, not thinking and living unconsciously. This term could be taken as a synonym for mass.