Psychosis It is a typology of Mental illness which is characterized by delusions and the hallucinations . It is a generic concept that includes diseases such as paranoia and schizophrenia, and that is linked to the loss of contact with reality .

Some of the following symptom They are commonly associated with psychosis:

* disorderly thinking;
* intense and sudden changes in behavior;
* the isolation and cessation of communication with the rest of the people;
* the feeling of being observed or persecuted, that other people represent a risk;
* speak alone, assuming there is an interlocutor (soliloquy);
* hear that they speak to us (hallucinations auditory type);
* experience visions (visual hallucinations);
* feeling confused or forgetting things easily;
* Believe that we cannot reach our goals.

The list continues, and can be added the feeling of guilt and depression, but it is important to note that the points just mentioned do not necessarily indicate that a psychotic disorder occurs, since it is possible to experience such symptoms through excessive drug use or after having experienced very stressful events, among other possibilities.

This disorder can originate from a large number of phenomena physiological, whether functional or organic; for this reason it has come to believe that this mental illness is equivalent to the fever, in that it represents a serious but not very specific situation. On the other hand, it is believed that psychosis does not lead to a disconnection with the normal conscious plane, which shows that in many cases, an especially difficult and distressing stage in the life of an individual during which he experiences some of the associated symptoms to psychosis, it can lead to a misdiagnosis.

Throughout history, numerous classifications of psychosis have been recognized; according to some of its symptoms, certain groups can be established, such as those that present delusions hallucinatory or non-hallucinatory, plausible and unlikely delusions, and well systematized (with their expected counterpart). As in all science, years of research and observation have allowed specialists to find increasingly specific patterns, which make the study of this disease more efficient.

Currently and worldwide, when you want to identify a type of psychosis, the DSM-IV system is taken as a reference, a manual that collects statistical information on diseases mental and belonging to the American Psychiatric Association. According to this document, the following types of psychosis are recognized, among others:

* schizophrenia, which in turn is divided into paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated or residual type;
* schizophreniform disorder;
* schizoaffective disorder;
* delusional disorder;
* psychotic disorder, which may be brief, shared, induced by the consumption of certain substances, or due to a related disease, although it may also have unspecified causes.

Colloquial language usually associates psychosis with madness . However, the phobias , panic attacks or repeated behaviors by those who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorders are not part of what can be considered madness from a psychiatric point of view.

Psychosis can be treated with therapy and antipsychotic medications. In the most favorable cases, therapy can help the patient to the point where he can adapt socially without taking medication.

Psychosis Finally, it is a film directed by Alfred Hitchcock that premiered in 1960 . It is based on a novel written by Robert Bloch , who, in turn, was inspired by a serial killer called Ed Gein . The film won four awards nominations Oscar and had a remake in the year 1998 .