When analyzing the term problem in depth, it is necessary that we first stipulate its etymological origin. In this sense, we can say that it is in Latin and more specifically in the word trouble. However, it must also be determined that it in turn comes from the Greek term πρόβλημα.
A trouble it is a certain matter or an issue that requires a solution . On a social level, it is a specific situation that, at the moment in which it is possible to solve, brings benefits to the society (How to reduce the poverty rate of a country or rebuild buildings destroyed by an earthquake).
For example: “We have a big problem: tomorrow we must pay the rent and the money is not enough for us”, "The problem will be solved when the manager dismisses employees who do not strive", “Thanks to your help, I was able to complete the homework and I had no problems with the teacher”.
In the same way, in this line there is a second meaning of the term that concerns us and that defines it as a disgust or concern that someone has for a particular reason. An example of this meaning could be the following: "The son of Luisa and Miguel does not stop giving them problems".
In addition to all the above, it is also necessary that we make clear that there are many and varied types of problems that are specific to various sciences or areas where they develop. In this sense, the most frequent are those that relate to fields such as Philosophy, Mathematics, Religion or Medicine, among many others.
Thus, regarding this last area we can say that there are numerous health problems that exist: physical, mental, acute, chronic ... All of them assume that the patient who suffers them has to resort to a doctor who will be in charge of studying what happens to him , to make the pertinent tests and finally to determine its corresponding treatment.
An example of this could be the following: "Julia had a health problem related to her joints, so she inevitably had to undergo surgery."
For the philosophy A problem is something that alters the peace, balance and harmony of who or who has it. Inside of religion On the other hand, a problem may be the result of an internal contradiction that arises between two dogmas (how does an omnibenevolent and almighty God allow the existence of suffering?).
The math It talks about problems when there are questions regarding a structure or an object, whose answers need an explanation with their corresponding demonstration. This means that a mathematical problem is solved by finding an entity that makes it possible to satisfy the conditions of the problem.
It is possible to find problems of a more diverse nature. The idleness It is an economic and social problem that, on a large scale, can only solve the government of a country, beyond the efforts of the people to find employment. A wall with leaks On the other hand, it represents a domestic problem that a person can and should solve at home.