A forest it's a place with abundance of trees and plants . Native , on the other hand, it can refer to the one who is born in a certain place or to that which is natural of a certain space.
It is called native forest or primary forest to wooded surface that conserves unalterable their natural features . This means that these are forests that have not been modified by the human being Through their actions.
In a native forest they are not registered productive holdings neither deforestation . In the secondary forests On the other hand, it is possible to notice the influence of man. Currently most of the forests are secondary due to urbanization and economic activities that take place in these types of places.
The Amazonia , in South America , it conserves great extensions of native forest. It is also possible to find this kind of forest in the region from Malesia , in Tasmania and in Siberia , for example.
A native forest, in short, is a ecosystem forest It houses a rich biodiversity. In it numerous species of animals and flora coexist. The living beings, the atmosphere, the soil and the climate of the native forests make up an interdependent unit that is in balance in a natural way.
It should be noted that, although the native forests are those not modified by the human being, these characteristics also present the secondary forests that are formed after deforestation and the forests restored by the same man .
Native forests fulfill many important functions for life in our planet . Among them we can name the protection of the soil against desertification and erosion; temperature regulation; the shelter of animals and plants; water storage; and the absorption of carbon dioxide.
One of the greatest benefits that native forests can offer us is through the so-called sponge effect, which can be defined as the emptying of reservoirs or aquifers in soils permeable. If a forest is in its natural state, it is very likely that during the rainy season it will reduce runoff (the free circulation of rainwater on a ground) to the maximum and release the stored liquid when really necessary, such as during a drought .
In Panama, a group of scientists from Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute he demonstrated all this in 2013 through a large-scale experiment that they carried out in an area of 700 hectares in the Panama Canal . This is the first time that the utility of the effect was demonstrated sponge in the protection of the infrastructure in times of storms.
The study carried out by the researchers led to observing 450 tropical storms , an amount that allowed them to contrast data and recognize patterns to be able to prove reliably that native forests can save us from large floods.
One of the tests they carried out, in this case together with various scientists from the Wyoming University , was the measurement of the amount of Water storm that moved through forest lands, pastures and abandoned pastures. The conclusion is very clear: the runoffs that take place during a rain are minors in protected areas than in deforested areas . The Panama Canal has great interests in water conservation, since thousands of ships pass through it annually, representing 5% of the world's trade.
The native forest is the clearest representation we have of how our planet should look and work. Unfortunately, we humans do not open our eyes until a group of scientists alert us to the consequences that can bring us the way in which we relate to the nature .